Canine Clothing.

The culture of canine clothing might at first seem to be a contemporary phenomenon, but the concept of ‘decorating’ dogs isn’t actually a new one. This Holidays4Dogs article will look at canine clothing through the ages.DSCF1171

Quite surprisingly, as early as 1833, Princess Victoria wrote that she frequently dressed her spaniel Dash, “in a scarlet jacket and blue trousers”. Indeed, in the 19th Century the taste for animal fashions blossomed into a lucrative industry, much like the trends we see today.

Canine clothing in history.

The French author, Paul Megnin wrote a book in the 19th Century called, ‘Nos Cheins’ and included in this were descriptions about particular outfits for certain occasions, such as evenings out and trips to the beach. He does concede, however, that some people find the practice of dressing dogs, “grotesque” by imposing the human practice of clothing on their little pet dogs.

Another French Author writing around the same period, Jean Robert, defended the idea of putting clothes on dogs. Robert argued it was a sensible custom, particularly during the winter months, believing that clothing delicate and sensitive dogs was a matter of common sense and good management. Roberts carried advertisements in his book from the famous Palais-Royal, offering housecoats, shirts and raincoats for the, “little apartment dogs”.

Clothing as a status symbol.

The sort of clothing a dog wears can be a representation of the owner’s identity and this is not a new concept. Historically, this was important amongst the Bourgeoisie for expressing their status while, at the same time, removing ‘beastly’ characteristics from pets living within the home environment.

Even as far back as ancient Egyptian civilisations, dogs wore intricate and beautiful adornments in the form of leather and metal collars – often encrusted with precious metals and stones.

Understanding that dog clothing is actually not a new occurrence, perhaps provides a sense of acceptance for the reasons why some people choose to dress their dogs up in modern times.

Generally, the sub-culture of dressing dogs applies to the minority of the dog owning public. Additionally, like human fashion, canine fashion is subjective – but the question might be, does this mean it is harmful?

Is canine clothing harmful?

In 2009 the RSPCA campaigned against dog clothing, comparing dressing a dog in clothes during warm weather, to leaving a dog in a hot car. They argued that owners who consistently engage in this practice should face prosecution. However, as we have discovered, dressing dogs up in clothing is not a new idea. If practiced in a responsible manner, canine clothing need not necessarily be cruel and this is the reason why the RSPCA eventually dropped this campaign.  Its raining!

Nevertheless, there are critics of people who dress up their dogs since they argue this implies cruelty, by being demeaning to the dog. However, feeling humiliated, or embarrassed, are not emotions that experts believe dogs can have.

It should be noted that clothing can cause confusion in terms of dog-to-dog communication by inhibiting the ability of other dogs to read signals and body language.

Canine clothing can be regarded as a basis for maintaining health, or preventing injury. Greyhounds, whippets, toy breeds and elderly dogs can benefit from extra protection from the colder elements during winter months.

A coat can help to keep mud and wet from soaking long coated breeds – and makes grooming easier and less painful for the dog. It is also practical for the owner, since it means less mud and wet coming into the house and less drying time. Elderly dogs, especially those with kidney conditions, or arthritis ,will also benefit from extra protection from the cold and wet.


When all is said and done, however, non-essential items of dog wear, should never be forced upon the dog who shows signs of unwillingness, or stress. It is essential that anything a dog wears must fit correctly. Clothing should not be worn by the dog for long periods. Likewise, any item of clothing the dog wears must never inhibit his movement.