Puppy Socialisation And How Go To About It.
We’ve all heard how important socialisation is for young puppies. But, what exactly does puppy socialisation mean and do you go about it? Holidays4Dogs finds out.
It is important for puppies to learn how to interact with their environment, people, dogs and other animals in an appropriate manner. Pet dogs learn this through the process of socialisation. Dogs need help from us to navigate the human world and situations they will have to encounter during their lives. By being good dog owners we can ensure our pets grow up to be well balanced adults.
Stages of puppy development.
The crucial time for socialisation is between the age of three and twelve weeks. This is the period where the puppy will need to experience positive associations. After 18 weeks, it becomes a little more difficult to socialise a puppy that has little previous experience of the world around him. It is not impossible, but can be more challenging.
While socialising a puppy it is important not to overwhelm him. There should always be lots of praise and treats with the aim of making EVERY encounter a positive one.
Holidays4Dogs has compiled some suggestions of what puppies need to be exposed to in the early weeks.
Other people and other dogs.
Different animals; (cats, small pets, livestock). Approach, other animals, livestock etc with the puppy on the lead at all times.
People wearing different clothing such as hats, high viz. jackets, hoods, umbrellas.
Busy town environments, bus stops, railway stations; (especially if you plan on taking your dog with you on public transport).
Water – ponds, sea, rivers.
Vehicles – both riding in and encountering on the road; to include cars, lorries, bicycles, buses and trains.
Various different surfaces and terrain. I.e. laminate / hard wood flooring, gravel, cobbles, steps and stairs.
Objects such as bleeping pelican crossings, road signs, dustbins, gates, (especially kiss gates).
Puppy socialisation – keep it short and sweet.
Retail parks, for example, are ideal places to socialise. Initially, choose a quiet day during the week. Spend about 10, or 15 minutes, wandering around and perhaps stand outside a shop for a few minutes. This way your pup will have the opportunity to see strangers walking by.
Give your pup plenty of praise for being friendly and calm. It’s an idea to have plenty of treats handy, so strangers can offer one to your puppy. Pubs, or dog friendly cafes, are also a good way to get your pup used to being out and about in public spaces. Again, choose a quiet pub or cafe to begin with. You can also then use this space to begin teaching your dog to ‘settle’.
Parks can be good places to socialise your puppy with both dogs and people. However, be careful of boisterous out of control dogs that might frighten the youngster. Always aim to set situations up so your dog has a positive experience. If, for example, your Yorkshire terrier pup is jumped all over by a boisterous off-lead Labrador, he may not view this as much of a positive experience! Always try to think about the best places to go beforehand. Keep experiences low key and short.
Puppy socialisation is important, but it needn’t be complicated The more your dog experiences positive interactions, the easier things will get. Before long you will be able to take your confident pooch with you anywhere.
Whether you are socialising a new puppy, or an older rescue dog, remember variety is the spice of life! Always try to make sure new experiences are positive.
Our Holidays4Dogs carers understand the need for dogs of all ages to lead stimulating and varied lives. This is just what they will get when they are on holiday with us!
For further information on booking a stay for your pooch – give us a call.